How to Calculate Viscosity of Gas and Liquid at Different Temperatures When Standard Data Is Known? Rough Assumption Of, Viscosity of a Gas and Liquid during Designing:

Viscosity is the property which influences the flow of the gas, and it depends on temperature of the gas. During energy balance and design calculations of equipment for a particular process, the material which will be handled influence all controlling parameter of the methods required for designing.
In most cases viscosities of gases are to be calculated at the temperatures which are higher than normal and due to the temperature effect on the viscosity, flow behavior will vary significantly and right value should be used in the calculation of transport equations,
All these data can be obtained from the research papers and data books which will be charged for some amount of money, for a rough calculation and design the skeleton of the equipment on the drawing board a formula can be used for this purpose which
μ/μo= [T/To] n

The above equation is well used for every designing calculation where
μ = viscosity at absolute temperature T (the temperature where viscosity is required)
μo = viscosity at temperature 0oC (273 K)
T= absolute temperature in K
To= 273 K
n is the valve which is determined by experiments
Selection of,’n’ value:

 air
carbon dioxide and light hydrocarbons
steam and sulfur dioxide

= 0.65
= 0.9



The ‘n’ value can be applied to the substance which are similar to the above materials as it is the physical property, same group compounds will behave in the same way, for example alcohol group, all alcohol compounds will have more or less same physical behavior and the units will be same the units of absolute viscosity take at 273 K. So, all you need is the absolute viscosity of the gas. 

Viscosity Index Experiment

Scope: The tables and equations included in the method provide a means for calculations of the viscosity index of the petroleum product from its viscosity at 40oC and 100oC, This method provides tables of oils with viscosities at 100oC between the values of 2 and 70 Centistokes(mm2/ sec) equations are provided for calculating basic values for oils having viscosities about 70 Centistokes at 100oC.
 Definition: The viscosity index is an empirical number indicating the effect of change of temperature and viscosity of an oil. A low viscosity index signifies a relatively large change of viscosity with temperature and vice versa.
Apparatus: Viscometer consisting essentially of a cup with an orifice in the center of the base, which may be closed by a ball and socket value, water bath, thermometer, recover time recorder etc.
Procedure: Insert a cork in the bottom of the viscometer cup and fill the cup to the prepared sample to such a height that the leading plug on the value is just immersed when the taller is vertical. Insert a second cork provided with a central hole and groove at one side through which the steam  of the  valve may be passed into the upper end of the cup and pass the thermometer so that its bulb is approximately at the geometrical center of the same, then suspend the cup to its rim in the water bath maintained with 0.01o of the test temperature through out the test maintain the bath temperature at the this value by stirring frequently. Lift the valve and suspend on the valve support start the time recording device when the liquid in the receiver when liquid reaches 75ml mark.
Equation and Calculation:
Viscosity index:
(L-U)/(L-H) X 100 = (L-U)/D X 100
where;
D=L-H
U: kinematic viscosity at 40oC of an oil whose viscosity index, is to be evaluated.
L: kinematic viscosity at 40oC of an oil of zero viscosity index having the same viscosity at 100oC as the oil whose viscosity index is to be calculated.
H: kinematic viscosity at 40oC of an oil of 100 viscosity index having the same viscosity at 100oC as the oil whose viscosity index is to be calculated.
Observation
s.no         Temperature      Volume collected           Time taken
1example     100 deg C               200 ml                     924 sec

Calculated:
kinematic viscosity of redwood viscometer is = 0.0026 tr - 1.561/tr
where tr is the time of efflux collecting.
Physical Properties like mole weight, melting point, viscosity, standard free energy of formation etc are available at this free data bank
Determination of viscosity of liquid can be done by various instruments:
1. Capillary viscometer
2. Orifice viscometer
3. High temperature high shear rate viscometer
4. Rotational viscometer
5. Falling ball viscometer
6. Vibrational viscometer
7. Ultrasonic viscometer